The University of Wrocław has a rich history of more than three centuries. Founded by Leopold I Habsburg the university evolved from a modest school run by Jesuits into one of the biggest academic institutions in Poland. Distance learning was established in 2016.
The University of Humanities and Economics in Lodz was established in 1993. It is the largest non-public institution of higher education in Poland. In 2007, the University gained the right to award PhDs in the following subjects: linguistics in the department of humanities, information technology in the department of technical sciences and visual arts in the department of fine arts.